Choosing your Accounting Basis when setting up ExpensePlus
When setting up ExpensePlus, you will be asked to select the accounting basis which you use to create accounts. Keep reading to find out more and for Frequently Asked Questions, see the bottom section of this page.
If you are unsure as to what accounting basis your organisation uses, here are two factors that might help you to know:
(1) Size of Income - Under UK law, Charities with an annual income over £250,000 must create end-of-year accounts on 'Accruals' based accounts. Charities with an annual income of under £250,000 usually (but not always) create 'Receipts and Payments' based accounts (also called 'cash' basis).
(2) Type of Accounts - If you are unsure about whether your organisation prepares accounts on an 'Accruals' basis or on a 'Receipts and Payments' basis then you should be able to find this out by looking at your prior year's accounts.
Receipts and Payments Accounts
Charities with an annual income below £250,000 are often able to prepare simple Receipts and Payments accounts (as long as they are not charitable companies). Receipts and Payments accounts are a simple form of accounting that consist of a summary of all monies received and paid via the bank and in cash by the charity during its financial year, along with a statement of balances.
HMRC provides a free template for charities creating accounts on a Receipts and Payments basis, so if you create accounts on this basis, your year-end accounts may look something like this (or simpler).
Accruals Based Accounts
Charities with annual income over £250,000, or that are charitable companies, need to prepare accruals based accounts that comply with the Charities SORP. Accounts prepared using the accruals basis allocate the costs or income of a particular activity according to when the liability is incurred, or when there is entitlement or certainty about income. This is not necessarily the date on which money is received or paid out.
If you create accounts on an accruals basis, then your year-end accounts are likely to look something like this. As you will see, they are far more detailed than simplified Receipts and Payments based accounts.
NOTE: If your accounting basis is 'accruals' you will have the option to decide whether or not to enable auto-accruals (typically we'd recommend you do). To find out more about this, click here.
Frequently Asked Questions
What if I'm still not sure or need more help?
If you do not have prior year accounts, then good people to ask are:
- Your Independent Examiner - if the gross yearly income of your charity is over £25,000, then you need your accounts to be independently examined, and your Independent Examiner could well be the best person to ask.
- An accountant who understands Fund Accounting - someone who is a qualified accountant may not necessarily know much about fund accounting (which is different from creating business accounts).
- Someone with experience in creating charity accounts - if your organisation is affiliated to, part of, partners with, or has contact with people in other charities, chances are that there will be someone who you can approach for advice.
- Stewardship (Christian Charities and Churches) or ACAT (Association of Church Treasurers) - if you are a church or a Christian charity, these two organisations come highly recommended; see their websites for details or contact them to access the services they offer. Other organisations that offer help, advice, and training are often location-based.
- Charities Commission Website (e.g. Charity Reporting Essentials) - the Charities Commission website has lots of resources, some of which are accessible to everyone, some of which require knowledge of fund accounting.
For more information about creating end-of-year accounts click here.
What does setting my accounting basis do within ExpensePlus?
Receipts and Payments accounts are a simple form of accounting. If Receipts & Payments is selected as the accounting basis, the following modules within ExpensePlus are hidden:
- Loans - with Receipts and Payments Accounting, loans are treated as 'income' and repayments as 'expenditure'. At year-end, the outstanding value of a loan is stated as a liability within the Assets & Liabilities statement.
- Investments - with Receipts and Payments Accounting investment gains and losses are not recorded. At year-end, the current investment value is stated as an asset within the Assets & Liabilities statement.
- Fixed Assets - with Receipts and Payments Accounting, asset purchases are simply treated as 'expenditure'. At year-end, the current asset value of any larger fixed assets is stated within the Assets & Liabilities statement.
- Creditors & Debtors - with Receipts and Payments Accounting, transactions are accounted for based on when transactions appear on your bank statement, therefore you shouldn't be accruing or deferring income/expenditure, and so the option to do this within the adjustments screen is hidden
If Accruals is selected as your accounting basis, not only will all the above modules be visible, but ExpensePlus will also automatically accrue for any customer invoices you create and any purchases that you enter, removing the need for you to manually add accruals at year-end.
Note: It's really important that the accounting basis you select matches the accounting basis on which you will be creating accounts at year-end.
What if I need to change my accounting basis?
Within System Settings you can change your accounting basis. If you need any help, please do get in touch using the yellow 'send us a message' button at the top of this page.
Top Tip: If you are planning on changing your accounting basis between financial years, it's important to get in touch BEFORE the start of your new financial year, as the way transactions are handled and which transactions are allowable will depend on this.